Ear Mites In Cats And Dogs

August 18, 2009

in Cats

Ear mites are microscopic parasites that commonly infest the ear canals of cats and dogs. Canker ear is a name that refers to having ear mites. Infestations of ear mites are highly contagious among pets.

Dogs and cats are not the only pets that can develop your mite infestations. Rabbits are also prone to ear mites. All pets in the household should be treated for ear mites if one pet gets an ear mite infestation. Otherwise, the ear my infestation can circulate among all the pets in the household that are susceptible to ear mite infections.

Even though ear mites live in the ear canal of the dog or cat, but ear mites may also be present in the pet’s environment. The ear mites can be spread to other cats and dogs in the household from sharing the same environment or through direct contact.

Signs of ear mite infestation include shaking of the head and scratching the ears. Even though some cats do not show behavioral signs of having ear mites, the discharge associated with ear mites can often be seen in the effected ears of the cat.

A veterinarian diagnoses the ear mites by examining the discharge from the ears. Your mites cause a discharge that is thick and brown or black which is often described as resembling coffee grounds. The ear mites themselves are microscopic.

Many dog and cat owners mistakenly think that cleaning the dogs or cats ears is an effective treatment for ear mites. An anti-parasitic medication is necessary for treating ear mites. The topical, antiparasitic medication treats the current ear mite infection and helps to prevent a recurrence of the ear mite infestation.

The antiparasitic medication must be given for up to ten days. The veterinarian may want to see the cat or dog after this time to check how successful the treatment has been. The veterinarian may also want to re-examine the cat or dog weeks later to check for a reinfestation of the ear mites.

Due to scratching the ears, some cats and dogs often have minor cuts on their ears. The veterinarian may treat these cuts with an antibiotic ointment.

Having ear mites can lead to skin disease and ear infections. Extreme cases of ear mite infestation can cause complications such as a ruptured eardrum.

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